[Editor’s Note: This selection of readings was first published March 16, 2020, but it is being updated with new stories on an ongoing basis.]
Last week, the World Health Organization declared the novel coronavirus outbreak a global pandemic. In an effort to slow the spread of the disease, schools and universities across the world have transitioned to online instruction. Educators find themselves wondering how to engage their students amidst the developing crisis. We all find ourselves scrambling for information and, let’s face it, ways to make sense of our fear and anxiety.
While JSTOR Daily can’t provide new research on the novel coronavirus that’s causing COVID-19, we can offer important historical, scientific, and cultural context for this unprecedented situation. The essays and articles below—published over the last five years—look at the history of quarantine, contagious disease, viruses, infections, and epidemics. We’ll be updating this as we publish new content. As always, free access to the underlying scholarship cited in the stories is available to everyone.
Considering the Current COVID-19 Pandemic
What's a masculine lesbian to do when her hair starts getting too long? Look at history for inspiration.
The psychology behind your urge to connect.
Before he led the effort to contain COVID-19, the nation's top infectious disease expert published several papers about pandemic preparedness. Here are two.
Johns Hopkins epidemiologist and infectious disease expert Jennifer Nuzzo on why vaccines aren’t the answer, how COVID-19 is unique, and how to stay safe.
Covering concepts from spillover to virus mutation, this collection of free-to-access readings provides scientific context around the COVID-19 pandemic.
The World Health Organization has declared COVID-19 a pandemic. What exactly does that mean?
Scientists have different ideas about whether viruses are living beings. But they have solid advice on how to destroy them: wash up.
How do innocuous words become insidious in the face of a public health emergency?
The fear of the next global virus isn't just media indulging in catastrophizing; it's a collective concern for global economic and political health.
The containment of COVID-19 raises pressing questions related to the freedom of scientific information, civil liberties, and human rights, one scholar explains.
Can environmental law help contain viruses that spill over from animal to human populations?
Pandemics and Epidemics of the Past
What you learned about the diseases that decimated Native communities is probably wrong.
We should learn from, instead of repeating, the racist assignations of the past.
During the influenza pandemic, the Arizona city's police force fined and arrested people for not wearing face masks.
Microbiologist Maurice Hilleman saw it coming, so the country made 40 million doses of the vaccine within months.
A century ago, Catholic nuns from Philadelphia recalled what it was like to tend to the needy and the sick during the great influenza pandemic of 1918.
The Spanish Influenza pandemic 100 years ago was the most lethal global disease outbreak since the Black Death. What were people thinking at the time?
In six weeks, 12,000 were dead of influenza.
The bacterium that causes the plague emerged relatively recently, as bacterium go. And yet the pandemics it's created have altered the world.
With warnings that a shortage of the vaccine against the virus could spur on a new epidemic, yellow fever is again in the scientific spotlight.
The melodramatic descriptions of "fevers" in old novels reveal just how frightening the time before modern medicine must have been.
"The poor, having no choice, remained.”
New research suggests alarming details about the plague, which repeatedly devastated populations across Europe, Asia, and Africa over the centuries.
The History of Quarantine
Listlessness, boredom, torpor, that "noonday demon" that tempts you away from spiritual connections—that's what was called acedia.
Such forms of enforced isolation are referenced as far back as the Old Testament, while the word "quarantine" itself dates to the late medieval Plague.
On September 1st, 1858, a mob stormed the New York Marine Hospital in Staten Island, and set fire to the building.
In the Decameron of Boccaccio, friends tell one another stories of love to while away the hours of quarantine.
A 2007 tuberculosis case teaches us about contagion, travel, and quarantine.
In the 1800s, sick passengers weren’t blamed for disease epidemics—their baggage and cargo was.
Infection and Disease Control
It took science centuries to understand malaria. Now we’re waiting to see how the 2019 vaccine pilot works.
Modern health authorities combating the Ebola virus in West Africa might look to medieval infection control for inspiration.
He's hailed as the "father of infection control" and the "savior of mothers," but the truth about Ignaz Semmelweis is more complicated than that.
The research behind hand washing and MRSA, a resistant bacteria.
Joseph Lister's landmark articles on antiseptic surgery in the Lancet were published 150 years ago. The revolution was not immediate.
Even though this physician pre-dated germ theory, he was able to track a London outbreak of cholera to one particular water pump.
A pamphlet published in 1840 advocates a four-pronged approach to public healthcare that sounds remarkably like our own.
Public healthcare experts have been anticipating and planning for a pandemic like COVID-19 for years. These research reports and scholarly articles explain how.
Diseases know no borders. International cooperation and solidarity, say scholars, are as essential as funding.
Plagues capture the public imagination in ways that other less terrifying--but more deadly--diseases don't.
It’s estimated that roughly 20% of the population are so-called "super-spreaders" who cause 80% of infectious disease cases.
Trying to bring down that fever? Studies show that most fevers are actually integral to effective immune responses.
Illness can challenge the notion of the self and disrupt patients' narratives about their own lives. Some scholars suggest that storytelling can help.
The WHO’s definition has been the target of criticism in the medical literature since its first appearance in 1948.
Researchers have found that Americans experience radically different health outcomes depending on their race and socioeconomic status.
While the U.S. debate over healthcare has been focused on Obamacare, we’ve been ignoring some other important aspects of health policy.
Sewage might be the key in tracking diseases.
Scientists and the public understand science topics quite differently, according to a new poll.
The news of a recent outbreak at Disneyland in California brought measles back into the public view.
Stefan Böschen and Kevin C. Elliot discuss how science is often misused by policy-makers, adversely affecting public awareness and disciplinary credibility.
Services like BetterHelp and Talkspace allow users to find therapists online, and conduct sessions through a mix of texts, e-mails, and video calls.
Heather Gilligan explores the impact of racism on the fight towards universal health care.
Shelley's third novel, about the sole survivor of a global plague, draws on the now-outdated miasma theory of disease.
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