Happy (US) Independence Day! May your grills be hot, your drinks be cold, and your fireworks without injury. To mark the occasion, the Daily editors have gathered their favorite stories related to the holiday and its history.
July 2, 2018
For many immigrants to the U.S. in the late 19th century, July 4th was deeply significant: Their own home countries were fighting for independence.
July 4, 2017
By the time the Declaration of Independence was signed in 1776, did colonial Americans still sound like their British counterparts?
July 3, 2020
After the Civil War, white southerners saw the Fourth of July as a celebration of Confederate defeat. Black southerners saw opportunities.
July 4, 2021
Maritime workers who were basically kidnapped into the British Royal Navy were a key force in the War of Independence.
April 13, 2017
There is perhaps no more enigmatic figure in American history than Thomas Jefferson, born April 13, 1743. How should his legacy be understood today?
January 23, 2022
A 1763 massacre by colonial settlers exposed the irreconcilable contradictions of conquest by people concerned with civility.
November 3, 2020
Metaphors of construction have been popular in American history from the start. How come?
The Declaration of Independence and the US Constitution
December 9, 2021
Related links to free scholarly context on JSTOR for the foundational document in American government.
September 15, 2021
The Iroquois, Shawnee, Cherokee, and other political formations generally separated military and civil leadership and guarded certain personal freedoms.
March 1, 2017
The Articles of Confederation set off the long-running feud between states' rights and Washington, a debate that still rages today.
July 2, 2016
The Second Continental Congress adopted the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776. Thomas Jefferson was not then credited with its authorship.
January 18, 2016
The ideological roots of the concept of militias in America stretch back into English history.
Fireworks, Flags, and Food
July 3, 2017
In Europe between the fifteenth and nineteenth centuries, fireworks displays were performances that told a story or symbolized real-world battles.
July 4, 2019
And other 4th of July facts.
November 24, 2016
Puddings can be surprisingly nationalistic.
April 7, 2022
In Early America, some prestigious residents advocated for the replacement of cane sugar, supplied by enslaved workers, with maple sugar from family farms.
October 19, 2021
What happened to the revolutionary headgear that symbolized freedom from enslavement? Meet the sectional politics of the early republic.
August 30, 2021
From the colonial period to the end of the US Civil War, the rattlesnake sssssssymbolized everything from evil to unity and power.
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