Anne Frank house bookcase

How the Netherlands Used Literature to Defy the Nazis

A new theory sheds light not only on the fate of the Franks, but on the extent of Dutch resistance to the Nazis.
USS Arizona, Pearl Harbor

Pearl Harbor at 75

Seventy-five years ago on the morning of December 7th, 1941, the Japanese attacked the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor in the Hawaii Territory.
Polish refugees

Refugees Have Always Made Americans Nervous

What happens when a big stream of refugees enters an American community, bringing their foreign customs and values and taking scarce jobs?
French trench in WWI

The Power of Deterrence

The First World War witnessed the first major use of chemical warfare, but by the Second World War deterrence seemed to work. 

The Role of Female Pilots in Nazi Germany

German female pilots played an active role during World War II—acting as perpetrators and collaborators even as they broke barriers for women in flight.

How Hitler Played the American Press

Did the AP and other news organizations get tricked into sympathetic coverage of Hitler?
Tax frustrations

A Brief History of the Income Tax

The significance of the date April 15 is not lost on anyone in the modern United States. But ...
The great resettlement of the ethnic Germans from the East began its second phase. Following the Baltic Germans, well over 100,000 Volhynian Germans came back into the Reich. The men started the trek to the new settlements, while the women and children found a caring reception in the large transit camps.

The Largest Forced Migration In European History

Trump's comments on deporting 11 million undocumented migrants have precedent: the forced migration of millions of ethnic-Germans in the aftermath of WWII.
Persecution of Gypsies in occupied Yugoslavia [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

The Persecution of the Romani by the Nazis

Like the Jews, the Romani were victims of the Nazi's ideology of race.
Thomas Couture - Horace and Lydia

Two Enemies Bound by the Poet Horace

How Horace brought to enemies together during WWII and what role the poet played in the post-war cultural identity of Europe.