The Invention of Retirement

Retirement as a mass phenomenon didn’t start as a way for older people to enjoy themselves.

Race Has Always Affected the Vote

While racism in the United States is often attributed to poor whites, research suggests its political power resides in middle and wealthy suburban whites.
FDR delivers the nominating speech for Alfred E. Smith at the Democratic Convention at Madison Square Garden, New York, NY. June 26, 1924. This speech is often considered FDR's first major gesture of re-entry into national politics after recovering from the onset of polio.

A Really Contested Convention: The 1924 Democratic “Klanbake”

The convention was also notable because hundreds of Knights of the Ku Klux Klan attended as delegates.
Mary Cassatt's The Young Mother

Maternity, #Meternity, and the Military

Maternity leave as we know it today may have its origins in turn-of-the-century French militarism.

The Right to Legal Counsel

Adequate legal counsel is not provided to many of the poor accused of crimes.
Independent voters

Who Are the Independent Voters?

The voting patterns of actual independents have long been a topic of study. Who are they, and how do they actually vote?
Hulk Hogan (left) and Nick Denton (right)

How Hulk Hogan v. Gawker May Change the Face of Journalism

The recent Gawker vs. Hogan spat is the latest in the long history of journalism, free speech, gossip, and the law.
Mussolini and the Quadrumviri during the March on Rome in 1922: from left to right: Michele Bianchi, Emilio De Bono, Italo Balbo and Cesare Maria De Vecchi

Authoritarianism’s Hidden Root Cause

The greater the inequality of a society, the greater the risk of authoritarianism.
Donald Trump makes a campaign stop at Muscatine Iowa on 1/24/2016

Donald Trump and “Whiteness”

Donald Trump's controversial racial rhetoric and mostly white supporters lead us to ask what whiteness means to white people?
Fast Food Strikes, NYC, July 2013

The Long Prelude to the Fight for 15

Arguments in support of the minimum wage over the last century have ranged from social justice to increased worker efficiency.