Jefferson and Adams

The First Ugly Election: America, 1800

The 1800 election saw America's first contested presidential campaigns: Thomas Jefferson vs. John Adams.
Declaration of Independence

Who Wrote the Declaration of Independence?

The Second Continental Congress adopted the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776. Thomas Jefferson was not then credited with its authorship.

Why Some Politicians Bounce Back from Scandal

Three years ago, then-CIA director General David Petraeus resigned amid scandal: He'd had an affair with his biographer Paula Broadwell.
Victoria Woodhull

Free Love and the First Female Presidential Nominee

Hillary Clinton may become the first woman President, but she is far from the first to run for the office. That honor belongs to Victoria Woodhull.

The Invention of Retirement

Retirement as a mass phenomenon didn’t start as a way for older people to enjoy themselves.

Race Has Always Affected the Vote

While racism in the United States is often attributed to poor whites, research suggests its political power resides in middle and wealthy suburban whites.
FDR delivers the nominating speech for Alfred E. Smith at the Democratic Convention at Madison Square Garden, New York, NY. June 26, 1924. This speech is often considered FDR's first major gesture of re-entry into national politics after recovering from the onset of polio.

A Really Contested Convention: The 1924 Democratic “Klanbake”

A "contested convention" maybe in the offing this July for the Democrats. Let's take a look at one of the most contested in American history, 1924.
Mary Cassatt's The Young Mother

Maternity, #Meternity, and the Military

Maternity leave as we know it today may have its origins in turn-of-the-century French militarism.

The Right to Legal Counsel

Adequate legal counsel is not provided to many of the poor accused of crimes.
Independent voters

Who Are the Independent Voters?

The voting patterns of actual independents have long been a topic of study. Who are they, and how do they actually vote?