The Baul and Fakir lineages understand the cosmos through pairs of opposite essences, including male and female.
European travellers and anthropologists found that their gendered worldview didn’t easily map onto the societies they encountered.
Nineteenth-century biologists employed some outrageous arguments in order to keep women confined to the home.
In the late nineteenth century, bachelor Santa got married. Unsurprisingly, Mrs. Claus contributed uncompensated labor to the Claus household.
Historians need to know more about the roles of two-spirit Native Americans, but relying on written records isn't always productive.