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The FIFA World Cup is upon us, and with it comes a month’s worth of excitement. Along with all the drama, action, and of course, actual athletics, there is also the music. But what makes a World Cup anthem successful?

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One song that consistently ranks at the top of World Cup charts is Ricky Martin’s 1998 anthem “La Copa de la Vida (The Cup of Life)” the official song of the France-hosted games. Musician Reese Galido noted that part of its strength and applicability has to do with the whistle “which not only is a traditional samba instrument, but the favorite noise makers for referees.”

In 2011, culture scholar Steven C. Dubin explored the role of popular culture and music in the South Africa World Cup, describing how “[s]occer-related music dominated the airwaves and penetrated people’s drive time, down time, and sports viewing time.”

In addition to FIFA’s official anthem, big-name partners like Coca-Cola also designate an official promotional anthem. For instance, in the 2010 games in South Africa, Shakira’s “Waka Waka” was the official anthem, while K’naan’s “Wavin’ Flag” was Coca-Cola’s promotional anthem. Both were wildly popular global hits with staying power, though they are not without critiques.

Dubin describes the layered concerns over Shakira’s anthem, including “something fundamentally discordant about watching the Columbian pop singer Shakira and listening to her belt out the declaration ‘This Time for Africa.’” Additionally, the origin of the song troubled some. It was “a militaristic song” based on the Cameroonian band the Golden Sounds’s original. Shakira kept the tune, but wrote new lyrics that focused on a more popular and carefree spirit, rather than focusing on images of Africa that the media often shows. In Dubin’s words, “the formula for generating a certified hit was to produce an image that was palatable to the general public, uplifting, and diverting attention away from pressing social issues.”

Similarly, Coca-Cola chose K’naan’s 2009 single because of its optimistic and “humanistic” sound. Born in Somalia, K’naan seemed a more natural choice for the first African-hosted World Cup. However, like many of his songs, “Wavin’ Flag” had a somber underbelly, “addressing poverty and war, reflecting life in his homeland.” But this narrative did not detract from the song’s popularity. In 2013, global literature scholar Ana Sobral outlined a case for K’naan as a modern epic poet. K’naan’s music “provide[s] a vehicle for transcultural identification,” she argues. She writes that “[b]y fusing the universal nature of epic poetry with the global appeal of rap, K’naan’s work thus stands as an important symbol of an emerging world culture.”

This year, the official FIFA anthem is “Live It Up” by Nicky Jam, featuring Will Smith and Era Istrefi, while the Coca-Cola anthem is “Colors” by Jason Derulo. In his lyrics, Derulo tips his hat to K’naan singing, “I’m gonna wave, a wave, my flag.” Rolling Stone has already described “Colors” as “relentlessly upbeat and melodic,” situating it perfectly with most World Cup anthems.


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African Arts, Vol. 44, No. 2, South Africa after the Ball: Art and the World Cup 2010 (summer 2011), pp. 18-31
UCLA James S. Coleman African Studies Center
African American Review, Vol. 46, No. 1, Special issue: Hip Hop and the Literary (Spring 2013), pp. 21-36
The Johns Hopkins University Press on behalf of African American Review (St. Louis University)