Notre-Dame, 1881

Recreating Notre Dame

The famous Paris cathedral was built over many centuries, reflecting the growth and evolution of Paris itself.
Water carrier

The Story Behind “The Parisian Water-Carrier”

Who was the "Parisian water-carrier" depicted in 18th century French sculptor Edme Bouchardon's sketches and how did he earn his living?
Maison de Verre Paris

What Makes a Glass House the Ideal Home for a Communist Gynecologist?

Paris’s Maison de Verre is a marvel of modernist architecture whose rarely seen interior was constructed to foster sociality.
Eiffel Tower

A Short History of Paris for Travelers

Read up on some of the fascinating history of the City of Lights before you head off on your next romantic vacation.

A Telephone Conversation with Malcolm X

This 1965 telephone conversation between Malcolm X and meeting organizers in Paris took place just weeks before his assassination.

“No Duty But That to Herself”: American Girls in Paris

The American GIrls' club was created not only to feed and house American girls in Paris in the 1890s

A Cultural History of Satirical Cartoons and Censorship

Articles in JSTOR illuminate the long history of satirical cartoons and censorship.