In 1932, the “Bonus Army” of jobless veterans staged a protest in Washington, DC. The government dispersed them with tear gas.
Jazz, King declared, was the ability to take the “hardest realities of life and put them into music, only to come out with some new hope or sense of triumph.”
Giving Stonewall too much credit misses the movement’s growing strength in the 1960s, sociologists note.
Dorothy Porter, a Black woman pioneer in library and information science, created an archive that structured a new field.