Bellamy Salute

The Pledge of Allegiance’s Creepy Past

Seventy-four years ago today, lawmakers passed an amendment to the U.S. Flag Code.
Students on tablets

6 Digital Work Habits Every Student (and Adult) Needs

These digital study habits are relatively simple and sustainable, and work for students and parents alike.
Close-up on a pencil as a student studies

Students Don’t Just Need Grit, They Need Agency

Psychologist Angela Duckworth argues that students need "grit," or rugged individualism, to succeed. But scholar Anindya Kundu insists there's more to it.
"Annual report of the Board of Education of School District Number One in the City and County of Denver, Colorado (1918) (14779460911)" by School District Number One in the City and County of Denver, Colorado. Board of Education - https://www.flickr.com/photos/internetarchivebookimages/14779460911/Source book page: https://archive.org/stream/annualreportofb1819scho/annualreportofb1819scho#page/n143/mode/1up. Licensed under No restrictions via <a href="https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Annual_report_of_the_Board_of_Education_of_School_District_Number_One_in_the_City_and_County_of_Denver,_Colorado_(1918)_(14779460911).jpg#/media/File:Annual_report_of_the_Board_of_Education_of_School_District_Number_One_in_the_City_and_County_of_Denver,_Colorado_(1918)_(14779460911).jpg" target="_blank">Commons</a>

Teaching Kids Their Place

A historical survey of early 20th century teaching finds students being taught their place in the socioeconomic system.
"Western College Commencement procession 1932 (3195482392)" by Snyder, Frank R.Flickr: Miami U. Libraries - Digital Collections - https://www.flickr.com/photos/muohio_digital_collections/3195482392/. Via Wikimedia Commons

The History of Graduation Ceremonies and Other School Rituals

Graduation ceremonies and traditions have certainly changed over the past 100 years.
"Tom Brady and his offensive line" by Jack Newton - Flickr: Tom Brady looks downfield. Licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0 via Wikimedia Commons - http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Tom_Brady_and_his_offensive_line.jpg#/media/File:Tom_Brady_and_his_offensive_line.jpg

Deflategate, Shmategate: Aren’t We All Cheaters Anyway?

In a sports world where soccer players theatrically feign injuries and cyclists dope, one might rightfully ask: Is fair play just a myth?
A teacher helping a student in a classroom

Teaching Facts and Values in Public Schools

For most of the country's history, teaching "moral facts" was the main duty of the public schools.