James McNeill Whistler created the famous "Peacock Room" for a wealthy patron. But the patron never actually wanted it.
Trained as a printmaker, this artist helped change American tattooing from a fringe behavior into an art form people use to express themselves.
Posters were originally a method of advertising and promotion, but in the 1960s, a new crop of psychedelic signs became emblematic of the counterculture.
Napoleon didn't like sitting for portraits, and yet artists and mass market prints helped cement his legendary status.
The field of neuroaesthetics uses neuroscience to understand how art affects our brains, both when we're making it and when we're viewing it.
How the American Art-Union brought fine art to the people, via a subscription service, in the 1840s.
The famous architect Frank Lloyd Wright famously loathed commercialism, and yet he (reluctantly) designed commercial homewares to be mass-produced.
The Cornell Collection of Blaschka Invertebrate Models includes hundreds of glass models of sea creatures, making it both a teaching tool and a metaphor.
Demons and artists, it seems, pull from the same bag of tricks. They take ordinary matter and transform it into something more wondrous, more terrifying.
Major artists like Roy Lichtenstein and Louise Bourgeois have experimented with holography, but it has yet to be taken seriously as an art form.