Black and white photo of caring mother leaning over her baby

The Feminist History of “Child Allowances”

The Biden administration’s proposed “child allowances” draw on the feminist thought of Crystal Eastman, who advocated “motherhood endowments” 100 years ago.
Indenture certificate for James Rymer Junior, binding him as an apprentice to the surgeon-apothecaries Caleb Woodyer and William Newland of Guildford, signed by all parties.

Indentured Servants and The Domestic Economy

Many 18th-century households included not only relatives and slaves, but also indentured servants, people sold into bondage for a specified length of time.
Sister Irene and children at New York Foundling orphanage

"Children at New York Foundling cph.3a23917" by Jacob Riis - This image is available from the United States Library of Congress's Prints and Photographs division under the digital ID cph.3a23917. Licensed under Public Domain via <a href="https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Children_at_New_York_Foundling_cph.3a23917.jpg#/media/File:Children_at_New_York_Foundling_cph.3a23917.jpg" target="_blank">Wikimedia Commons</a>

Tracing Orphans in Your Ancestry

Modern-day DNA research is beginning to unlock longstanding mysteries regarding orphans.
Chalkboard checklist listing Welfare and Work

Debating Welfare Way Before George Will

The debate over welfare goes back surprisingly far.
Scene of a parade from the 2014 movie Annie.

Our Obsession with Orphans: A Short History from Jane Eyre to Annie

Little Orphan Annie is the latest in a sequence of pop culture foundlings, but America’s orphans of the Great Depression weren’t endearing at all.
A Help Wanted sign hanging in a store window

Can Part-Time Jobs Be Good Jobs?

Brandeis University researcher Hilda Kahne argued for a more thoughtful approach to part-time jobs in a 1994 issue of Social Service Review