Indenture certificate for James Rymer Junior, binding him as an apprentice to the surgeon-apothecaries Caleb Woodyer and William Newland of Guildford, signed by all parties.

Indentured Servants and The Domestic Economy

Many 18th-century households included not only relatives and slaves, but also indentured servants, people sold into bondage for a specified length of time.
Sister Irene and children at New York Foundling orphanage

"Children at New York Foundling cph.3a23917" by Jacob Riis - This image is available from the United States Library of Congress's Prints and Photographs division under the digital ID cph.3a23917. Licensed under Public Domain via <a href="https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Children_at_New_York_Foundling_cph.3a23917.jpg#/media/File:Children_at_New_York_Foundling_cph.3a23917.jpg" target="_blank">Wikimedia Commons</a>

Tracing Orphans in Your Ancestry

Modern-day DNA research is beginning to unlock longstanding mysteries regarding orphans.

Debating Welfare Way Before George Will

The debate over welfare goes back surprisingly far.
Scene of a parade from the 2014 movie Annie.

Our Obsession with Orphans: A Short History from Jane Eyre to Annie

Little Orphan Annie is the latest in a sequence of pop culture foundlings, but America’s orphans of the Great Depression weren’t endearing at all.

Can Part-Time Jobs Be Good Jobs?

Brandeis University researcher Hilda Kahne argued for a more thoughtful approach to part-time jobs in a 1994 issue of Social Service Review