One of the minor themes of 2019 was the revelation that various prominent white politicians had once worn blackface. The question is: why?
The black filmmaker Oscar Micheaux was one of the first to make films for a black audience, a rebuke to racist movies like The Birth of a Nation.
In the aftermath of the Mexican-American War, people of Mexican ancestry were the target of intense racist violence.
In 1881, Prudential announced that insurance policies held by black adults would be worth one-third less than the same plans held by whites.